Joseph Smith was born in Sharon, Vermont, in 1805. Unfortunately, Hamilton and her family were not the only ones to suffer because of this terrible crime. It also made the Mormons a useful political foil for Washington politicians, some of whom likened the religion to another highly divisive institution: slavery. It ...read more, On July 24, 1915, the steamer Eastland overturns in the Chicago River, drowning between 800 and 850 of its passengers who were heading to a picnic. In Utah, Young is able to ignore the federal government, until the practice of polygamy prevents Utah’s statehood. U.S. Mormon leader and founder of Salt Lake City in Utah, Brigham Young. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. “It didn’t seem to be wanted by any other white people,” Bowman says of Young’s chosen spot. Instead, as part of the Compromise of 1850, Congress greatly reduced Deseret’s size and renamed it the Utah Territory. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! The Mormon People: The Making of an American Faith. “The Mormons were fairly clannish, you might say,” Matthew Bowman, professor of history at Henderson State University and author of The Mormon People: The Making of an American Faith, explains. Seeking religious and political freedom, the Latter-day Saints began planning their great migration from the east after the murder of Joseph Smith, the Christian sect’s founder and first leader. Crash Course Video: Top Left 1. (Credit: Bettmann Archive/Getty Images). To escape persecution of mormons, it helped becasue they are far away. When Young and his followers first arrived in the Great Salt Lake, the region was still part of Mexican territory. In 1850, President Millard Fillmore named Brigham Young the first governor of the U.S. territory of Utah, and the territory enjoyed relative autonomy for several years. there also alot in Idaho They also settled in Nauvoo but the temple there was burned. All Rights Reserved. Six years later, the territory of Utah entered the Union as the 45th state. d. … Though Young eventually agreed to be replaced as territorial governor, the Mormon practice of plural marriage would delay Utah’s statehood for nearly four more decades. Jailed in Missouri, Smith was allowed to escape to Illinois, where he helped build Nauvoo into a thriving city. Then in mid-1843, after Missouri’s governor blamed a failed assassination attempt on Mormon agitators, the governor of Illinois, Thomas Ford, agreed to extradite Smith to face trial. b. What I want to know is, why was it … Young died in Salt Lake City in 1877 and was succeeded by John Taylor as president of the church. When they reached the Salt Lake area, they saw it was remote and wild. Full name of the Mormon Church. In the 1880s and early 1890s, more than 1,000 Mormon men would be convicted of charges relating to plural marriage. The murder of Joseph Smith. The self-sufficiency program which followed the Utah War and the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 led Mormon leaders to greatly expand the southern colonies. Tucked away in the rocky countryside northwest of Cuzco, Machu Picchu is believed to ...read more, On July 24, 2005, American cyclist Lance Armstrong wins a record-setting seventh consecutive Tour de France and retires from the sport. The American effort to send astronauts to the moon had its origins in a famous appeal President John F. Kennedy made to a special ...read more, On July 24, 1911, American archeologist Hiram Bingham gets his first look at the ruins of Machu Picchu, an ancient Inca settlement in Peru that is now one of the world’s top tourist destinations. Joseph Smith is jailed and killed by an angry mob. there also alot in Idaho They also settled in Nauvoo but the temple there was burned. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. The ...read more. After the murder of founder and prophet Joseph Smith, they knew they had to leave their old settlement in Illinois. In a letter, Hancock accuses the officer of tolerating discord among soldiers from different states under his command. By the end of 1847, nearly 2,000 Mormons had moved to the Great Salt Lake Valley. One reason why Mormons choose Utah as their home is to be among other people of the same faith. The Mormons were chased out of Missouri after the governor declared them enemies of the state. Relying on reports of Western explorers and the low population, the Mormons set their eyes on Utah. Young, and 148 Mormons, crossed into the Great Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847. Today, according to official LDS statistics, Utah is home to more than 2 million Mormons, or about one-third of the total number of Mormons in the United States. Life in these villages centered on the day’s work and church activities. Once Woodruff had formally renounced polygamy on behalf of the LDS, Congress’ attitude changed greatly, and the path to statehood became considerably clearer. Mormons settled in Utah. And the mountains ringing the valley were stocked with freshwater streams and creeks that could nourish crops, despite the saltiness of the Great Salt Lake itself. Tensions between the territory of Utah and the federal government continued until Wilford Woodruff, the new president of the church, issued his Manifesto in 1890, renouncing the traditional practice of polygamy and reducing the domination of the church over Utah communities. Within days, Young and his companions began building the future Salt Lake City at the foot of the Wasatch Mountains. In 1844, reeling from the murder of their founder and prophet, Joseph Smith, and facing continued mob violence in their settlement in Illinois, thousands of Latter Day Saints (better known as Mormons) threw their support behind a new leader, Brigham Young. Joseph Smith prophesied they would be driven there. Utah is now home to more than 2 million Mormons, or about one-third of the total number of Mormons in the United States. Why did the Utopian Communities emerge during the Market Revolution? Young largely ignored the federal agents the Fillmore administration sent to Utah, and did what he wanted. Though the Mormons had been considering migrating West, beyond the reach of the United States government, before their founder’s murder, the crime solidified this intention. In academic literature, the area is also commonly called the Mormon culture region. The Mexican-American War took place simultaneously with the first wagon trains to Salt Lake. Upon arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, the Mormons developed and cultivated the arid terrain to make it more suitable. These kinds of things generated suspicion from people around them.”. Why did the Mormons settle in Utah? In 1870 the Utah Territory, controlled by Mormons, gave women the right to vote. In 1857, President James Buchanan declared the Utah Territory to be in rebellion, and ordered federal troops to Salt Lake City to force Young to step down in favor of a non-Mormon governor. Many other groups of people resented their practices of polygamy, and did not agree with their other beliefs i.e. But when a local newspaper, the Nauvoo Expositor, published a front page article criticizing the Mormon doctrine of polygamy, Smith ordered its printing press smashed. Finally once Utah was chosen, it didn't remain outside the US for very long. 1. Educational facilities developed slowly. ... • Mormon settled in Illinois- bought town of commerce, Illinois and renamed Nauvoo • PERSECUTION of Mormons continued • 1844- mob killed Joseph Smith- Brigham Young took over spot. Young led the Mormons on their great trek westward through the wilderness some 1,300 miles to the Rocky Mountains—a rite of … By 1852, 16,000 Latter-day Saints had come to the valley, some in wagons and some dragging handcarts. The Mormons settled in Illinois between 1839 and 1845, when they began to leave for Utah due to persecution. On July 22, 1847, most of the party reached the Great Salt Lake, but Young, delayed by illness, did not arrive until July 24. Many Mormons died in the cold, harsh winter months as they made their way over the Rocky Mountains to Utah. Federal courtrooms sat empty, while Mormon leaders filled the territorial legislature. The Mormon issue made the situation for women the topic of nationwide controversy. On July 24, 1998, the director Steven Spielberg’s World War II epic, Saving Private Ryan, is released in theaters across the United States. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Wouldn't they have been happier if they'd pushed on to a less desolate place like California? Mexico was actually quite concerned about all the foreign settlers into their territory and passed laws requiring immigrants to become citizens and … Whether it’s Oliver Stone setting a scene from Platoon to Adagio for Strings by Samuel Barber,or Quentin Tarantino setting a scene from Reservoir Dogs to “Stuck In The Middle” by Stealer’s Wheel, filmmakers often depend upon certain passages of music to produce specific emotional ...read more, During her imprisonment at Lochleven Castle in Scotland, Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate in favor of her one-year-old son, later crowned King James VI of Scotland. So why did they settle there? Forced to flee anti-Mormon hostility in New York, Ohio and Missouri, in 1839 Smith and other church members arrived in Nauvoo, Illinois, on the banks of the Mississippi River. The Latter-day Saints (“Mormons”) settled in Utah because: 1) They were driven out of every other place they had previously gathered, and many of us believe that they settled in … HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. What is the "Day's of '47" celebrating? In 1887, the Edmunds-Tucker Act took square aim at the Mormon church itself, disincorporating it and authorizing the federal government to seize much of its property. “When that happens, the president of the church, Wilford Woodruff, issues what Mormons call the Manifesto,” Bowman explains. Young led the Mormons on their great trek westward through the wilderness some 1,300 miles to the Rocky Mountains—a rite of passage they saw as necessary in order to find their promised land. The Eastland was owned by ...read more, The body of 9-year-old Dawn Hamilton is found in a wooded area of Rosedale, Maryland, near her home. He was charged with treason by Illinois authorities and imprisoned with his brother Hyrum in the Carthage city jail. “There was not a large Native American presence, but there was the potential for agriculture, and for supporting a large population.”, In a later account of their arrival, the future LDS leader Wilford Woodruff wrote that Young paused and gazed down at the valley for several minutes when they first arrived, and “he saw the future glory of Zion and of Israel, as they would be, planted in the valleys of these mountains.”, Sheet music cover for a song titled “If You Saw What I Saw, You’d Go To Utah!” by Howard Patrick, 1917. In October 1861, 309 families were called to go south immediately to settle in what would now be called “Utah’s Dixie.” On 24 July 1847, then church president Brigham Young, after an arduous trip across the plains, looked out over the Salt Lake Valley and declared, “This is the place,” and the first group set their roots down. Other large waves of pioneers followed. In 1849, he sent representatives to Congress with a proposed map of the state of Deseret (a word from the Book of Mormon meaning “honeybee”.) During the next few years, Smith dictated an English translation of this text to his wife and other scribes, and in 1830 The Book of Mormon was published. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Mormons settled in Utah. On June 27, 1844, a mob with blackened faces stormed in and murdered the brothers. After early difficulties, Salt Lake City began to flourish. Later that year, Young rejoined the main body of pioneers in Iowa, who named him president and prophet of the church. In the 1874 case Reynolds v. United States, in which Young’s secretary, George Reynolds, tested the constitutionality of an 1862 anti-bigamy law, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the Constitution does not protect polygamy. On June 27, 1844, a mob gathered at the jail and killed Smith and his brother Hyrum. The Mormon Corridor is the areas of Western North America that were settled between 1850 and approximately 1890 by members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), who are commonly nicknamed “Mormons”.. The day they arrived in Utah is still celebrated today. PLAY. The Mormons wanted to settle somewhere isolated where they could practice their religion without other people bullying them or … Gazing over the parched earth of the. Again the Mormons brought suit, but in 1890 the Supreme Court ruled the Edmunds-Tucker Act constitutional. There were some casualties, mostly non-Mormon civilians. Relations became strained, however, when reports reached Washington that LDS leaders were disregarding federal law and had publicly sanctioned the practice of polygamy. They sought gold. Native Americans had lived in the area for thousands of years. Beginning in 1856, the Mormon Reformation, which was really just a renewed … I know the simple answer -- Brigham Young told them to stop at the Great Salt Lake, saying "This is the right place." The end of polygamy allowed Utah and the Mormons to take their place in the USA mainstream. Young and his fellow apostles considered options such as Texas (during its brief period as an independent republic), California and Canada. In the same year, Smith founded the Church of Christ—later known as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints–in Fayette, New York. They sought jobs on the railroads. The Mormons and Utah. Mormons Tried to Stop Native Child Slavery in Utah. page 2 of 3. Suspicions of theocracy, and particularly of the Mormon practice of polygamy, which the church made public in 1852, “really inflamed the animus of Americans—particularly Protestants—against the Mormons,” Bowman says. When Utah becomes part of the U.S., Young sees an opportunity to control a state government. In the ensuing uproar, Smith was convinced to turn himself in at the county seat in Carthage to face a hearing. that is why there are a ton a Mormons there. They kept rubbing like sandpaper against their neighbors. The so-called “kitchen ...read more, July 24, 1776, Congressional President John Hancock scolds Major General Philip Schuyler. After ...read more, During the grand opening ceremony of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev engage in a heated debate about capitalism and communism in the middle of a model kitchen set up for the fair. Why all the hostility against Smith and his fellow Mormons? 2. However, the Christian sect was also heavily criticized for its unorthodox practices, which included polygamy. Then they sent word back to their fellow members describing the two-square-mile city they had settled. Utah becomes the 45th state. Disappointed, Hancock told Schuyler that Congress was "concerned to ...read more, On July 24, 1943, British bombers raid Hamburg, Germany, by night in Operation Gomorrah, while Americans bomb it by day in its own “Blitz Week.” Britain had suffered the deaths of 167 civilians as a result of German bombing raids in July. Where did the Mormons settle? The … Brigham Young resettled the Mormons in … The church of Jesus Chris of Latter-day Saints. After Armstrong survived testicular cancer, his rise to cycling greatness inspired cancer patients and fans around the world and significantly ...read more, William Sydney Porter, otherwise known as O. Henry, is released from prison on this day, after serving three years in jail for embezzlement from a bank in Austin, Texas. “They tended to vote in blocs, they tended to consolidate all their economic activity within their own communities. In 1857, President James Buchanan removed Young, who had 20 wives, from his position as governor and sent U.S. Army troops to Utah to establish federal authority. In 1542, while just six days old, Mary ascended to the Scottish throne upon the death of her father, King ...read more, At 12:51 EDT on July 24, 1969, Apollo 11, the U.S. spacecraft that had taken the first astronauts to the surface of the moon, safely returns to Earth. A colorized photograph of a 19th century polygamous Mormon family with two wives and nine children. Having formally inherited the authority of Joseph Smith, he led thousands of more followers to the Great Salt Lake in 1848. Also, there is another reason why … But in early 1848, Mexico ceded some 525,000 square miles of its territory to the United States at the end of the Mexican-American War, including all or parts of present-day Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming—and Utah. Why did the Mormons move west to settle in Utah? They resettled in Illinois but Joesph Smith was killed by the locals. Because social, economic, and educational reform was replacing religious movements. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Upon viewing the land, he immediately confirmed the valley to be the new homeland of the Latter-day Saints. So why did the Mormons keep moving? Settling in Utah. Why did Mormon pioneers decide to settle in the Salt Lake Valley of Utah? For the next two decades, wagon trains bearing thousands of Mormon immigrants followed Young’s westward trail. The holy text, supposedly engraved on gold plates by a Native American prophet named Mormon in the fifth century A.D., told the story of Israelite peoples who had lived in America in ancient times. After 17 months and many miles of travel, Brigham Young leads 148 pioneers into Utah’s Valley of the Great Salt Lake. c. They hoped to escape religious persecution. Congress began passing laws trying to get rid of polygamy (or bigamy, as it was then called) in the early 1860s. Why did the Mormons settle in Utah? When spring came, Young and an advance group of 143 men, three women and two children left the winter camp and headed for their final destination. 2. Why did the Mormons choose to settle in Utah in 1847? Two years later, Young led the Mormons on their great trek westward through the wilderness some 1,300 miles to the Rocky Mountains—a rite of passage they saw as necessary in order to find their promised land. They Ended Up Encouraging It Children were purchased in an attempt to save them from being degraded, but soon became a … The Mormon village in Utah was to a degree patterned after Joseph Smith’s City of Zion, a planned community of farmers and tradesmen, with a central residential area and farms and farm buildings on the land beyond. Brigham Young saw in vision the salt Lake valley, long before they got there, and when they arrived, he took one look and announced.."This is the place." On January 4, 1896, Utah became a state. that is why there are a ton a Mormons there. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/mormons-settle-salt-lake-valley. Who became the leader of the Mormons after Joseph Smith was murdered? The religion rapidly gained converts, and Smith set up communities in Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois. In 1844, the threat of mob violence prompted Smith to call out a militia in the town of Nauvoo, Illinois. Completing a treacherous thousand-mile exodus, an ill and exhausted Brigham Young and fellow members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints arrived in Utah’s Great Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847.The Mormon pioneers viewed their arrival as the founding of a Mormon … The film, which starred Tom Hanks and Matt Damon, was praised for its authentic portrayal of war and was nominated for 11 Academy Awards. Firstly, the Mormons had very different beliefs to the traditional Christian faith that was dominant in America at this time. (Credit: Bettmann Archive/Getty Images). The Mormons went to Utah to escape persecution and death at the hands of the mobs that had driven them out of other states. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. The Mormons settled in Utah beginning in 1847, after mobs murdered the Prophet Joseph Smith and expelled the Mormon Church from Illinois. The state would have been massive, encompassing present-day Utah, most of Nevada, good chunks of Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico and Idaho, and even the city of San Diego. The Mormons settled in the Salt Lake Valley, which at that time was used as a buffer zone between the Shoshones and the Utes, who were at war. i know that they had trouble throughout the east, but what made them want to stay in the west? The Utah War (1857–1858), also known as the Utah Expedition, Utah Campaign, Buchanan's Blunder, the Mormon War, or the Mormon Rebellion was an armed confrontation between Mormon settlers in the Utah Territory and the armed forces of the United States government.The confrontation lasted from May 1857 to July 1858. They had fled deadly persecution from Missouri, Ohio, and Illinois, and had finally found … ... Mormons settle Salt Lake Valley. To escape imprisonment, Porter had fled the authorities and hidden in Honduras, but returned when his wife, ...read more. Why the Mormons Settled in Utah. They set out from Nauvoo in April 1846, but were forced to spend several months camped along the Missouri River between Iowa and Nebraska. The disaster was caused by serious problems with the boat’s design, which were known but never remedied. a. Despite warnings about the region’s unsuitability for agriculture and the hostile Native Americans living near the smaller, freshwater Utah Lake, the Mormons were drawn to the low population of the Salt Lake Valley. The motivation for Mormon migration was not wealth or fame, but religion. This group was familiar with establishing towns, where they all lived and worked together, and promoted the concept of Zion. Brigham Young 4. As they settled in Utah, the desert territory began to blossom. (Credit: Sheridan Libraries/Levy/Gado/Getty Images). Young saw an opportunity in this turn of events: State governments had a lot of power, and controlling one could give the Mormons considerable autonomy. (Credit: Culture Club/Getty Images). Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. STUDY. In 1827, he declared that he had been visited by a Christian angel named Moroni, who showed him an ancient Hebrew text that had been lost for 1,500 years. They created irrigation systems, laid out farms, built houses, churches and schools. Mormons begin exodus to Utah Their leader assassinated and their homes under attack, the Mormons of Nauvoo, Illinois, begin a long westward migration … By 1896, when Utah was granted statehood, the church had more than 250,000 members, most living in Utah. Utah Room Two: Utopian Communities I. The young girl had been raped and beaten to death with a rock. All Rights Reserved. Mormon pioneers were the first white people to settle in Utah, but they were the second people to settle in Utah. Now the tables were going to turn. Gazing over the parched earth of the remote location, Young declared, “This is the place,” and the pioneers began preparations for the thousands of followers of the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (also known as Mormons) who would soon come. After 17 months and many miles of travel, Brigham Young leads 148 pioneers into Utah’s Valley of the Great Salt Lake. Since its earliest days, missionary work had been a prominent responsibility of the church and its members. At the time, the region was part of Mexico, with limited oversight by the Mexican government. However, in 1887, Congress disenfranchised Utah women with the Edmunds–Tucker Act, which was designed to weaken the Mormons politically and punish them for polygamy. Though during the Civil War these laws were not pursued, Bowman says, this changed in the decade after that conflict. Unlike the settlers in California, the Mormon settlers didn't purchase their land or make immigration arrangements with the Mexican government. Smith evaded extradition for a while, and even began planning a run for president of the United States in 1844. And Brigham Young, who emerged as de facto leader after Smith’s death, had just the place in mind. There were also smaller sects that stayed in Kirtland, Missouri, and Nauvoo. In 1896 Utah became the 45th state of the USA. Two years later, Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, led an exodus of persecuted Latter-day Saints from Nauvoo along the western wagon trails in search of a sanctuary in “a place on this earth that nobody else wants.” The expedition, more than 10,000 pioneers strong, set up camp in present-day western Iowa while Young led a vanguard company across the Rocky Mountains to investigate Utah’s Great Salt Lake Valley, an arid and isolated spot devoid of human presence. A year later, when the church celebrated the 50th anniversary of Brigham Young’s arrival in the Salt Lake Valley—Young himself died in 1877—the newly completed Mormon temple in Salt Lake City was draped in American flags. President Millard Fillmore appointed Young as territorial governor, a decision made “largely as a matter of practicality,” Bowman points out, as Young had essentially been governing Deseret (as he called it) and the Mormon Church as one entity for three years already. that Mormons were God's chosen people and Mormon leaders should have political powers. “It’s a proclamation saying that for the good of the church, for the survival of the church, we have to abandon plural marriage.”. But relying on the reports of Western explorers like John C. Frémont, they decided on the Great Salt Lake Valley in the Rocky Mountains. Proselyting efforts to gain more followers and bring them to Zion playe… For nearly a decade the Mormons in Utah had relative peace and were free to practice their religion as they saw fit. By 1869, 80,000 had made the trek to their promised land. 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